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What are the first aid knowledge of outdoor sports
Aug 17 , 2020

TICARE Medical What are the first aid knowledge of outdoor sports

What are the first aid knowledge of outdoor sports

We now work and life pressure is very big, because these pressure so we can't extract at ordinary times, so there are a lot of outdoor enthusiasts, these people often go out to play, especially the adventure and excitement, some back to the mountains, to exploration, and the will to far away in remote places, of course, we in the outdoor sports shoes, is without the knowledge of first aid, so what are the outdoor sports emergency rescue?Let's see.

First, outdoor first aid treatment

1. Emergency treatment of trauma: Trauma is mainly divided into closed trauma (contusion, sprain, etc.) and open trauma (bruise, stab, cut, laceration, etc.).

Treatment: closed contusion, sprain can be used yunnan baiyao spray, etc., hot compress, physiotherapy, massage, massage, also can be taken internally or externally to put on the medicine for breaking bones, medicine wine, medicine powder, pills.Major open injuries require a doctor to perform surgical debridement and a thorough examination.For minor open wounds, the foreign body in the wound should be removed by washing it with sterile saline (or in situ clean water), then the wound is coated with merlot and covered with sterile gauze.If there is external blood and subcutaneous bleeding, use finger or dressing compression bandage to stop bleeding, and fixed with bandage;Pain can be taken anti-inflammatory pain, flapping pain, etc.

2. First aid treatment for heat stroke: In summer, people will sweat a lot in outdoor activities and consume a lot of water and salt in their bodies. If they do not replenish in time, they will suffer from heat stroke or collapse.The main symptoms of heat stroke are headache, dizziness, tinnitus, nausea, vomiting, restlessness, convulsions in severe cases, respiratory and cardiac dysfunction.In case of heat stroke, the patient should immediately stop exercise, move to a cool, ventilated place, put on the head, undress;Can drink some cold drinks, salt and sugar water and cold water towel on the head, or ice bag, ice placed in the patient's head, armpit, thigh root and so on;Conditionally, the patient can be placed in water from 4℃ to 18℃, and massage the skin of the limbs with a towel, so as to make the skin blood vessels dilate, accelerate blood circulation, promote heat dissipation, serious cases sent to the hospital in time.

3, first aid treatment of drowning: carefully observe the breathing and heart rate, breathing, cardiac arrest, immediately do artificial respiration rescue, and timely call an ambulance.

4. First aid treatment of food poisoning: You should pay great attention to eating outdoors. However, if you eat unclean food and experience nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal pain, it is food poisoning.The most common way to self-medicate for food poisoning is to induce vomiting.Of course, this emergency treatment is not the best way to treat food poisoning, just to buy time to treat acute food poisoning.After emergency treatment, the patient should be sent to the hospital immediately.Do not take laxative before going to the hospital for treatment easily, so as not to delay the illness.Mild patients can take fluorogastric acid, berberine and other drugs, vomiting, diarrhea more times to timely supplement sugar, salt water.

5. Emergency treatment of snake bite: After autumn, the weather turns cool and snakes become more active. If you are bitten by a snake in outdoor activities, first check whether it is a snake bite.If it is only a row of small teeth shaped "eight" glyph marks, it means that no snake bite.

Treatment: no special treatment is needed after snake bite, just apply the wound with mercury and iodine tincture and bandage the wound.If was bitten by a snake, as soon as possible your members near the wound with a belt 5 cm ring ligation, relaxing band 1 to 2 minutes, every half hour trying to remove poison from the wound at the same time, it is best to hydrogen peroxide or 0.1% potassium permanganate, wash the wound poison, also can replace with cold boiled water, salt water or clean water, rinse with disinfection of knife or blade to delimit the skin between the two fangs mark, reoccupy finger pressing, an emergency, can be used directly on the wound sucking mouth, suck out immediately after using water gargle, but have decayed tooth, oral cavity mucous membrane or damaged lips, disable this method, in order to avoid poisoning, and drug use as early as possible:Take 80 to 90 lobelia for internal consumption. Lobelia and realgar are smashed together to make pulp for external application. Change once a day.Good snake medicine are: Zhanjiang snake medicine, Nantong snake medicine, Guangzhou snake medicine, snake injury detoxification tablets and so on.

First aid kit

Don't underestimate the importance of carrying a first aid kit or some first-aid medications when traveling or exploring outdoors, which can be a huge help in a pinch.

Medicine for cold, fever and headache

A medicine for stomach upset

Insect repellent

Damage: waterproof band-aid, medicine wine, invigorating collaterals, wind-oil essence, baiyao spray, analgesic paste, hemostatic paste, etc

Routine: gauze, medical tape, small scissors, etc

Erroneous use of band-Aids

Band-aid can only be used for shallow, neat and clean wounds with little bleeding. It can stop bleeding temporarily and protect the wound surface. It should not be used for a long time.

Band-aids should not be used in the following situations:

Do not use a band-aid after being bitten by an animal (such as a cat, dog, etc.).Should wash with soapy water many times first, disinfect wound with iodine, alcohol next, let wound expose, inject next wild dog vaccine.

Band-aids should not be used for severe trauma and contaminated wounds, nor for wounds with secretions or pus.

Do not use a band-aid for deep and narrow wounds (e.g. nails, knife cuts, etc.).Wounds should be exposed after hemostasis to prevent tetanus infection.

The ulceration and exudate after burns and scalds should not be applied with band-aid to avoid secondary infection caused by poor drainage of secretions.

Outdoor sports often have some accidents, in the absence of doctors, no professional when these emergency measures appear very important, so we might as well through the above article to learn more about some emergency measures.In this way, not only can save the cost of treatment but also can reduce the damage caused by the accident to the minimum, I hope you can pay attention to this aspect.

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